The UPR is the only universal mechanism, under the Human Rights Council, that reviews the human rights situation in all 193 UN Member States once every four and a half years. The UPR and the Human Rights Council (HRC) were created through the UN General Assembly on 15 March 2006 by resolution 60/251. Since the first UPR session was held at the UN Office in Geneva in April 2008, all UN Member States have been reviewed. Singapore participated in the first cycle of the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) on 6 May 2011.
The second cycle of the UPR began in 2012. 14 UN member States are reviewed at each session of the UPR Working Group which is held thrice a year. Singapore’s second UPR is scheduled on 27 January 2016 during the 24th session of the UPR Working Group from 18-29 January 2016.